10 Dec 2021
A guide to help homeowners avoid property title fraud has been released today by the Fraud Advisory Panel, HM Land Registry and the Law Society of England and Wales.
Property fraud happens when a fraudster changes the registered details of a building to pose as its owner. The fraudster then applies for a mortgage or sells the property to an unwitting buyer and disappears with the proceeds.
In the financial year 2020/21 HM Land Registry received 22 claims for indemnity in relation to property title fraud and paid out £3.5m worth of compensation for these claims.
People who own houses that are standing empty are particularly vulnerable to this type of fraud, as are properties which have a high value, are not mortgaged, or whose owners have recently died.
The guide said there are four main steps homeowners can take to protect themselves:
- Ensure your property is registered with HM Land Registry. This creates an official record that can be checked by anyone who needs to confirm your ownership and gives extra legal protections. You can apply for voluntary registration if your property is not already registered.
- Keep your registered details up to date in case HM Land Registry need to send you official letters or notices, which could be early signs of fraud.
- Sign up to HM Land Registry’s free online property alert service, which will give an immediate notification if someone tries to change the register for your property.
- If you’re at particular risk of property fraud, you can apply for a restriction on your title so a conveyancer will need to formally certify any sale.
David Clarke, chair of the Fraud Advisory Panel, said: “Property title frauds are rare, but can have a terrible impact on victims and result in them losing their homes.
“By taking the simple steps outlined in this guide homeowners can take steps to protect themselves from property title fraud.
“Anyone who thinks they have been a victim of this scam should report it to Action Fraud or HM Land Registry.”
Julie Jenkins, head of counter fraud at HM Land Registry, said: “While fraudulent transactions are rare our state guarantee protects homeowners in the event they are victims of registered title fraud.
“Our specialist counter fraud teams focus on detection, prevention and education, working with professional conveyancers, such as solicitors, to lower the risk of property fraud occurring.
“Remaining vigilant is key to combatting fraud which is why we encourage all homeowners to sign up to alerts via our free property alert and follow the advice outlined in this guide.”
The three organisations also urge anyone who thinks they’re the victim of property title fraud to report it immediately by going to www.actionfraud.police.uk or emailing email@example.com.
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